One such example is the Iberian lynx, considered the most endangered feline in the world and the only one considered Critically Endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature – IUCN.
The preferred habitats of lynxes are forests and areas of dense vegetation in general, where rodents, lagomorphs and deer, their preferred prey, abound.
Their mating season is between February and March, with a gestation period of 12 weeks, resulting in the birth of one to five pups. Newborns are blind and deaf, with a thin coat of hair. They remain with their mother for about a year
The Iberian lynx is threatened by habitat loss, road accidents, and illegal hunting.
Habitat loss is due mainly to infrastructure improvement, urban and resort development and tree mono cultivation, which fragments the lynx’s distribution.
Rabbit diseases such as myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease resulted in a dramatic decline of its main prey.
Illegal traps set for rabbits and foxes were leading causes for lynx fatality.
Every year, several Iberian lynxes die when trying to cross highways with heavy traffic.